Geoff Walden

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Sites on the Tegernsee Lake

  The Tegernsee is a picturesque lake surrounded by mountains, south of Munich. Several high-ranking Nazis had homes around the lake, and various local sites figured in Third Reich history.

One of the earliest Nazi flags was displayed on the shores of the Tegernsee in 1920. In the background is the church at Rottach, at the south end of the lake.  (Google Maps link)

 

The most famous Third Reich site on the Tegernsee is the former Kurheim Hanselbauer in Bad Wiessee. Here, on 30 June 1934, Hitler arrested his SA (Storm Trooper) chief Ernst Röhm, charged with plotting to overthrow the Führer. In the subsequent purging of the SA (Brown Shirts), known to history as the "Night of the Long Knives," over 100 of Hitler's enemies were killed. Röhm and his SA leaders, who had been enjoying themselves at the Bad Wiessee getaway, were taken to Munich and thrown into prison. Röhm was given the choice of shooting himself but he refused, so Hitler gave the order to execute him on 1 July 1934.  (Google Maps link)

 

Another view of the former Pension Hanselbauer, and a close-up of Ernst Röhm's grave marker in Munich.

 

The former Kurheim Hanselbauer is now the Hotel Lederer on the lake shore, near the Bad Wiessee tourist info center.  As of 2015, the hotel is closed and may be torn down.

 

This school and adjacent firehouse were built in Bad Wiessee in 1934-35 as the first Nazi "Landschule." Both buildings continue to serve the same purposes today.  (MapQuest Map Link)

 

The post office in Gmund am Tegernsee was built in 1939, featuring a wall painting by Georg Demmel. The building is almost entirely unchanged today.  (Google Maps link)

 

Many of the National Socialist elite had homes around the Tegernsee. On the left is a May 1945 view of SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler's house "Lindenfycht" near the lake shore in Gmund. Himmler's wife Marga (Margarete) and daughter Gudrun lived here during the Third Reich period. The house is today nearly obscured by trees, but a partial view can be gained from the road.  (US National Archives, RG 111SC-207089, courtesy Marc Romanych)  (Google Maps link)

 

This spacious house in St. Quirin am Tegernsee belonged to Nazi publishing chief Max Amman. Today it is a private residence.  (Google Maps link)

 

Just down the road from Amman's house in St. Quirin is a house that was described on period postcards as "Adolf Hitler's Aufenthalt am Tegernsee." It is unclear who owned this house, and whether Hitler actually overnighted there, or just stopped in when he visited the Tegernsee.  (period postcards)

 

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This page initially uploaded on 20 July 2000.


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