Mauerwald OKH Headquarters and others
For security reasons, the several subordinate headquarters associated with Adolf Hitler's field command headquarters on the Russian Front - the Wolfschanze (Wolf's Lair) - were dispersed around the countryside, so that a single bombing attack or paratrooper assault could not strike all of these headquarters simultaneously. By far the largest of these was the headquarters of the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) - the Army High Command. This site was built some 20 kilometers northeast of the Wolfschanze, on the shores of the Mauersee (Mamry) Lake (this area is called Mamerki today). Built by the Organization Todt, similar to the Wolfschanze but on a larger scale, the Mauerwald headquarters had over 200 structures with some 30 reinforced buildings and bunkers as air raid shelters. When Hitler was at the Wolfschanze, the Wehrmacht and Army high commands, as well as the Chiefs of the General Staff, took up residence at Mauerwald (as opposed to their main command center at Zossen, south of Berlin). Various commanders such as Gens. Halder, Brauchitsch, Paulus, and Guderian, along with staff officers such as Stauffenberg and Gehlen, lived and worked at Mauerwald.
The Mauerwald complex was divided into three areas: Zone 1 ("Quelle") on the east side of the road near the lake was a quartermaster and logistics operations center. Zone 2 ("Fritz") on the west side of the main road that bisected the area was the command and staff center for the General Staff. Zone 3 ("Brigittenstadt"), also on the west side but to the south, was the location of the main communications center on the Eastern Front, code-named "Amt Anna." Most of the reinforced buildings and bunkers were in "Fritz" and "Quelle;" most of the buildings in "Brigittenstadt" were of wooden or light construction. In contrast to Hitler's Wolf's Lair complex, the buildings at Mauerwald were not destroyed by the retreating Germans in January 1945, and the concrete buildings remain intact today (the wooden buildings, particularly the "Brigittenstadt" section, no longer exist). (Google Maps link - parking area at "Quelle")
Other Third Reich leaders had their own headquarters areas from 10 to 70 kilometers from the Wolfschanze. Luftwaffe commander Hermann Göring had a bunkered headquarters complex called "Robinson" near Goldap, on the Russian border 70 kilometers northeast of the Wolf's Lair, and another Luftwaffe headquarters area near Breitenheide, 70 kilometers south of the Wolf's Lair. Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop installed his headquarters in a palace at Steinort, 15 kilometers northeast of the Wolf's Lair. Intelligence officer Gen. Reinhard Gehlen had a facility at the Boyen Fortress in Lötzen, 36 kilometers southeast of the Wolfschanze. SS chief Heinrich Himmler and Reichskanzlei leader Hans Lammers had headquarters bunkers in the vicinity - click here to see these sites (below).
Heinrich Himmler's "Hochwald" Headquarters
Hans Lammers' "Wendula" Headquarters
Third Reich in Ruins, http://www.thirdreichruins.com/
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This page initially uploaded on 20 July 2000.